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Tuesday, September 08, 2009

Relations about PPW in Nepal and Italy according to the (new) Italian Communist Party- Part 1


CARC Party - International Department

In the last issue of " La Voce", the review of the (new) Italian Communist
Party, we read this article and translated it in English, and now we release
it, thinking it is interesting for the debate within the International
Communist Movement.

Revolutionary people's war in Nepal and in Italy

Even the longest march is done by single steps

In Nepal, the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal and democratic revolution,
directed by Unified Communist Party of Nepal (maoist), is going on.
Strengthened by the successes got in the ten years (1996-2006) of war in the
countryside, after the agreement drew up in 2006 with the "Seven Parties" of
the old system for striking out the divine right monarchy and having up a
Constituent Assembly, the UCPN(m) has firmly taken on hand the leadership of
the popular masses in the cities too. The strife is between the democratic
movement of the countryside and that of the cities on the one hand and on
the other hand the residual feudal forces, the comprador bourgeoisie and the
bureaucratic bourgeoisie. What is at stake is the foundation of a new
democracy system.
The reaction persistently opposes, but it is not succeeded to prevail over,
despite it still has great forces into the old Armed Forces (Royal, renamed
National), the Public Administration, the Magistracy and, most of all, it is
supported and pushed by the Indian ruling classes and the USA imperialist
groups. The UCPN(m) has the People's Army and the Militia and it has been
able to move successfully the revolutionary forces and to continue the
Revolutionary People's War within the new conditions. Thus it has confirmed

1. a Communist Party is able to lead the revolution even in a small and
surrounded country (25 millions of people and 140 thousand Km² also within
actual world context),

2. the Maoism is the guiding theory of the second wave of proletarian

The line "firmness of strategy and flexibility in tactics" pursued by the
UCPN(m) has aroused the indignation of the Communist Movement's dogmatics,
particularly of the RCP-USA and of its chairman Bob Avakian, that do not
understand the nature of the Protracted Revolutionary People's War. In fact,
the UCPN(m) gives great teachings to us Maoist communists who lead the PPW
for making Italy a new socialist country. Let's see some of this teachings.
Within the imperialist countries, the revolutionary people's war is "the
revolution organized and established by the Party, with one campaign after
another, combining battles with tactic operations". The revolutionary
people's war is the Party building the New Power. This is a structure which
guides working class and popular masses' movement. So it joins leading
organisms with organized masses which recognize and anyway follow its
directives in their behavior in front of the bourgeoisie, the clergy and the
other ruling classes.
The bourgeoisie takes the initiative in the claiming struggles not yet led
by Party and then not yet inserted in the revolutionary people's war as its
own parts: here the bourgeoisie leads the dance. The masses, on the basis of
their mentality, the existent relations and their means (spontaneity is
this) respond to bourgeoisie's actions, because of necessity, need, because
costs increase and wages decrease, because the bourgeoisie makes more
difficult popular masses' life and increase pressure on the masses. Popular
masses' action is a reaction to bourgeoisie's actions, a answer that needs
only a bourgeois conception and mentality: a conception of a seller who
sells dearly his workforce. That is why we tell that economism is a
backward, still primitive form, of class struggle. It does not require that
the communist conception of the world is at the helm, it does not require
the lead of the Communist Party. The spontaneous action of the popular
masses is their action carried out on the basis of their world conception,
of their vision of the things, of their feelings, opinion, mentality (see
Gramsci, Introduction to philosophy in Prison Notebooks).
Until the masses restricted themselves to the claiming struggles, in fact
they still are dragged along by the bourgeoisie, no matter how great are
violence and heroism of the revolt. The bourgeoises have strategies (of
course, into the limits of their class condition, strategies that do not go
beyond the horizons of capitalist social relations,: this is a weak point
they can not eliminate). The masses and their leadership have no strategy.
Marchionne [the FIAT manager, Note of Translator] has a plan and he is
trying to carry out it. Epifani [the leader of CGIL, the most important
trade union of the regime, Note of the Translator] has not a plan. Least of
all Angeletti and Bonanni [the leaders of the two other trade unions of the
regime] have it. And these are the conceited adventurers still now leading
the popular masses insofar as there is a one direction of the moving of
popular masses' individuals and organisms. Neither the alternative trade
unions have a plan. They have claims. They want everything more sincerely,
with more determination and with a little more consistency, less available
to come to compromises with the bourgeoisie and less resigned to its
"omnipotence" than the trade unions of the regime. The best part of them
already feels the limit (about it see, for example, the Thesis of Slai
Cobas' VI Congress, Milan on April 16-18, 2009; the report of Contropiano
on CUB's (Base Delegations) congress in Riccione (May 23-24, 2009), the
Platform by which Slai Cobas has convened the meeting on June 16, 2009 in
Milan). The alternative trade unions shout aims more advanced (no dismissal,
no closing of firms), while Epifani, Bonanni, Angeletti and some accomplices
are content with no closing of firms, dismissals as less as possible, more
social security cushions possible, gradualness and fair division of
sacrifices, etc. Today Epifani, Bonanni, Angeletti and their accomplices
are shouting this, in order to get the closing of less business possible and
for getting "what will be possible to get".
The popular masses takes the initiative on hand within the class struggle
only when their activism is part of a revolutionary plan of action, i. e.,
aimed to establish a new system of social relations: the Socialism in order
to go towards Communism. That is to say, when their movement is directed by
the Communist Party (actually, even if not yet formally).
On the contrary, in the revolution led by the strategy of revolutionary
people's war, the Party has the initiative. It moves the masses. Of course,
it does it, it has to do it, it is able to do it only considering masses'
material, spiritual, sentimental, etc., conditions (as anyway it does when
it organizes a simple strike, a simple demonstration, a protest, whenever it
takes the initiative). Certainly it does it, it has to do it, it is able to
do it only thanks to a network of organisms and relations (the Communist
movement) it has weaved and keeps on weaving, consolidating and
strengthening. The Party and the New Power use one campaign for making the
opportune conditions for the following one, which pursues higher aims. This
is the contrary of the modus operandi of the bourgeois adventurers and
careerists as Cofferati, Bertinotti [former unionist leaders become
politicians in the highest bourgeois institutions, Note of Translator] and
Epifani. For them every campaign comes to an end with the agreement they
conclude with the counter-part. Under their leadership everything is quite
normal with the end of the campaign; the forces break up and the struggle is
On the contrary, the Party and the New Power give continuity to the class
struggle. Every campaign makes the conditions for the following, even if
between the two campaign there can be a break for consolidating forces.
The Party and the New Power with the operations they promote, bring the
class struggle to climax, to a high level of combativity, protest and strife
which makes impossible bourgeoisie's life. So, in order to keep its power,
its privileges, its "civilization" the bourgeoisie will do inconsiderate and
desperate moves which climax is unleashing the civil war. So we pass to the
second stage of the protracted revolutionary people's war.

Rosa L.

To be continued.



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