[A contribution to Ang Masa (The Masses), a monthly magazine published by the Partido Lakas ng Masa (Party of the Labouring Masses), following the author’s recent visit to Nepal.]
March 20, 2012 – Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal -- While Nepal is very different from the Philippines in many key aspects of the country’s economy, society and politics, nevertheless the experience of the Maoist movement in that country holds valuable lessons for the Philippine left – both the Maoists and the non-Maoist revolutionary movements.
In Nepal we see the successful implementation of a people’s war strategy, followed by and combined with the development of an insurrectionary urban mass movement, which resulted in the overthrow of a feudal monarchy, the declaration of a federal democratic republic, the establishment of a constituent assembly and a successful intervention in elections in 2008 by the United Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist (UCPN-M).
Today the UCPN-M has entered a new phase of the struggle, significantly different from the previous phase of the “people’s war”. Both phases of the struggle, the “people’s war” phase to overthrow the monarchy and the current period of a revolutionary government, hold important lessons for us in the Philippines.
This new generation of Maoists of the UCPN, who had waged a people’s war for almost a decade before the 2006 people’s uprising against the monarchy, won the largest popular vote in the 2008 elections, gaining 229 of the 575 elected seats (around 40%) in the newly established constituent assembly. After much maneuvering against them by the bourgeois opposition forces, the Maoists were able to form and lead a national coalition government, which as its first task, declared Nepal a republic. The Maoist leader “Prachanda” (aka Pushpa Kamal Dahal), also the chairperson of the UCPN, became the republic’s first prime minister.
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