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Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Celebrating 50 years Since Naxalbari : From Nagi Reddy Line to C.P.R.C.I (ML) -Part 7

These articles reflect the personal views of Harsh Thakor


A. Centre for Communist Revolutionaries of India-1988

In 1988  5 groups ,namely the CPI(M.L.) led by Chandraskekar, the RCPI led by Jitender, e 2 UCCRI(M.L.) factions led by Harbhajan Sohi and Anand and the  O.C.C.P.I.(M.L.) led by Raghubir  merged to form the Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (C.C.R.I.)The formation of the Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India had historical significance, as since the formation of U.C.C.R.I.M.L in 1975 there were so may splits.

Theoretically, it was the soundest amongst all revolutionary sections and it’s practice in Orissa and Punjab Outstanding. It enhanced the consolidation of the All India Revolutionary Movement. A 2 line struggle was undertaken by comrade Anand within the U.C.C.R.I.M.L of led by Viswam , on similar grounds that Comrade H.B S split the organization.

The chief architects of this organization were the 2 Comrades Anand and Harbhajan Sohi. Although Comrade Anand(from Andhra Pradesh) remained in the Muktigami period for long time(even after the H.B.S split in 1979) in the author’s opinion the revolutionary Movement has to be sympathetic with his long struggle as he remained within the original origination with the interests of Unity in mind.

One was the issue of the Chinese three Worlds theory, the other was on the question of elections and mass Organizations. There were strong tendencies in Anand’s view of right deviation-like participation in election s or supporting candidates and imposition of the party’s policies on mass organizations. 5 organizations after a continuous process of bilateral negotiations united.

The 1977 Appendix documents written by Harbhajan Sohi were taken as the Organization's international line.

In Punjab  it played a vanguard role in leading the movement and no organization contributed more on the theoretical or practical plane ..This organization made a major contribution in the revolutionary democratic movement in the Khalistani period with the Central Team of the C.P.I.M.L and developed cores of mass revolutionary resistance against the Khalistani Terrorism.

Major mass resistance rallies were led by a mass resistance front formed by them at Moga in 1987 and at Sewawla in 1991 and 1992.

True they were unable to work in all districts of Punjab (Their Front functioned principally in Ludhiana ,Faridkot and Bhatinda districts and was inactive in many districts)) and a revolutionary peasant movement had not been built statewide but their experience was a heroic lesson

It also played a major role in the building of mass agrarian revolutionary line of the Adivasi movement in Malkangiri in Orissa.

In Andhra Pradesh it’s forces attempted to consolidate the Srikakulam Girijan movement ’The most significant contribution of this organization was the theoretical and practical correctness on the relationship of mass organizations with the Party

It stressed on the Party functioning democratically within the mass organizations and helping them develop their democratic identity. One major theoretical development was the stand on elections where they explained how conditions were not accessible for carrying out tactics of ‘active boycott's or participation in Parliamentary elections.

There were also units in Rajasthan and Maharashtra where Trade Union and Democratic Rights work was consolidated and efforts made to have correct mass approach on trade Union Front. Played an important role in guiding the democratic Rights movement in Mumbai in Maharashtra wit correct perspective particularly in times of 1992-93 riots, and state repression in Bihar and Andhra Pradesh. In West Bengal trade Union movement was consolidated and major trade Union struggles were led capturing the Unions.

It also had revolutionary peasant Movement work in Bihar which later was absorbed by the Party Unity Section. For some time some struggles carrying the torch of the mass line were implemented ,particularly against the Bhagalpur riots in 1989. Inspite  of split in 1988 of U.C.C.R.I.(M.L.) the All-India Federation of Organizations for democratic Rights, formed in 1982. flourished in it’s total capability with significant sammelan in 1990.

In the author’s view in spite of such a theoretically strong line was unable to inspire an Effective All-India Campaign through mass platforms to expose the fact that it was revisionism that had collapsed in 1989 and not Socialism.

A sustained campaign as a mass political level should have been organized  to defend Mao Tse Tung Thought and Socialism.

 Also perhaps not sufficiently consolidated the mass agrarian revolutionary line by developing peoples armed squads or defense corpses so much needed to sustain peasant's resistance.. It is debatable whether it was premature to carry out an armed struggle in Andhra Pradesh and Bihar in certain regions considering strength of peasant movement.(It had an organization in Bihar that time which later disaffiliated itself).

There was also arguably not enough of practice in resistance against state terrorism during the Khalistani era with more emphasis on the Khalistani forces than the state and inadequate revolutionary armed protection or self-defense  against the Khalistani fascists as shown in Sewewal in 1009 when 18 mass activists were martyred

B. Formation of the C.P.I.M.L Janashakti-1992

The Janasahakti Group was formed in 1992 by the merger of the Ramchandran Group, the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Muktigami group),the Pyla Vasudeva Group the West Bengal Co-ordination committee led by Parimal Dasgupta, the CP.I.M.L led by Konkan Mazumdar.It was a most opportunist Unity. Without resolving major issues for uniting they merged into a single organization. Suddenly they said that the formation of the Charu Mazumdar C.P.I.ML was correct and at the same time upheld the lines of T. Nagi Reddy and Chandra Pulla Reddy! In no time this group split into 5 different Organizations.

The organization although having armed squads in many areas came out openly and disturbed the mass movement.(Like in Punjab)In Andhra Pradesh they held a joint all India Peasant Conference against Imperialist dictates of the I.M.F .In the trade Union Movement they led struggles but exhibited powerful economist tendencies. In the opinion of the author the organization today has it’s major sections in the revisionist camps ,while has a small section in the Northern parts, which sides with the C.P.I. Maoist and may possibly merge with them. (Signed a joint statement on boycott of elections with C.P.I. Maoist as well as on anti repression and anti-communal issues)

As a result of disunity and theoretical weakness is no more a serious revolutionary force. It still has several revolutionary cadres and the Rajanna faction in Andhra Pradesh is still a militant one, carrying armed struggle at a marginal level.

One of the most predominant features in the history of the post naxalbari communist movement was the trend of splits and right opportunism A most predominant component was Comrade Satyanarayan Singh and to an extent Chandra Pulla Reddy. S,N Singh supported the Jayaparakash Narayan movement in 1974 and later after emergency supported an Anti-Soviet United front thus advocating alliance with erstwhile U.S.S.R which was social -imperialist. S.N Singh supported the Janata party claiming it was a more progressive force to fascism. Although Chandra Pulla Reddy which united with S.N.Singh split in 1980 it was a persecutor of C.P.I.(M.L) Janashakti, which was one of the most opportunist unities ever in the post- naxalite period amongst naxalite groups. It was a great lesson for cr's and cadres about the consequences of opportunist Unity, C.P.I.(M.L)

Resistance, UCCRI(M.L.)Muktigami ,Plya Vasudevea group, C.P.I.(M.L.) Khonkan majumdar. Coordination Committee of Communist revolutionaries led by Parimal Dasgupta etc merged.

It was a total jamboori opportunistically merging the trends of Charu Majumdar , Nagi Reddy and Chandra Pulla Reddy. I n no time they split into about 6 groups. Significantly both the C.P. Reddy and UCCRI(M.L.) sections had a series of splits from the early 1980's and hardly gave historic respect to the important differences between Chandra Pulla Reddy and T. Nagi Reddy. C.P. Reddy had committed left adventurist deviation from the T.N.DV. Rao line by claiming for adventurist armed s quad actions in the area of the A.P.CCR. Without analyzing this historic mistake they decided to unite. Infact C.P. Reddy vice Vera claimed that TN-DV practice was economist and surrendering

Without consulting the State Committee Chandra Pulla Redy called for armed squad actions. The line of participation in elections of SN. Singh-C.P. Reddy caused havoc to the communist revolutionary movement just like Vinod Mishra had earlier. Today in the camp still some section shave not made a critical review of the S.N.Singh-C.P.Reddy line.

No doubt both made a significant contribution, particularly C.P. Redy but like the Erstwhile constituent sections of the Maoist party like the Andhra Pradesh State Committee made of Charu Mazumdar in1974, under Kondappali Seetharamiah. The staunch followers of Nagi Reddy-dv.rao claim thta Chandra O Pulla Redy was similar to Charu Mazumdar. Both T.N and D.V made a strong criticism of Chandra Pulla Reddy. Proletarian Line publication s has reproduced those writings.

In the early 1970's Just like they wrote about Charu Majumdar, DV and TN felt S.N.Singh and C.P.Reddy in essence were no different from Charu and supported line of individual assassination.
Later the Viswam section merged with the C.P.I.(M.L.) of Kanu Sanyal that later merged with the C.P.I.(M.L.) Red Star group but after a short while spilt again.

C .U.C.C.R.I.(M.L)-Proletarian Line Group-formed in 1980-DV.RAO GROUP

Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) is a political party in Andhra Pradesh, India.

It was formed by D.V. Rao after the 1980 general elections, as a split from the original Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist).

D.V. Rao had been the Central Committee Secretary of UCCRI(ML). However, differences had emerged on issues like how to relate to developments in China after the death of Mao Zedong. D.V. Rao maintained that China under Deng Xiaoping remained a socialist state.

They still bring out an organ called the ‘Proletarian Path.’ Every year they hold commemoration meetings in July upholding Comrades T.N. and D.V. Although they term the Janashakti and C.P.I.(Maoist) as adventurist and opportunist. ,this organisation participates in Elections in  a substantial way.

They had one section of the Student organization, Democratic Students Organization under their influence and a section of Organization For Protection of Democratic Rights. Part of communist revolutionary  camp still but right-deviationist.

Do carry out land struggles in many regions like Khammam, Anathapur, Srikakualm with Srikakulam being  major belt. Very sincerely defend D.V. and T. Nagi Reddy ‘s  legacy and emphasize that their contribution was equal unlike the Muktigami group who do not place DV on the same pedestal.

It felt that the other U.C.C.R.I.(M.L.) Organization in Andhra Pradesh after the 1980’s betrayed the line of TN and in every statement on martyrs day exposed them. I do not agree with their stand on China as Socialist ,participating in election and functioning openly but still admire the comrades for defending the immortal role of Comrade DV.

They have a Democratic Students Organization and peasant organization called Rytu Coolie Sangham. I owe a lot of my understanding on practice and theory of mass line in earlier decades from their comrades.

Later the party was led by his Brother Shri Tarimela Ramadass Reddy.

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