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Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Long live the 200 years of the birth of the great Karl Marx!

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This year the proletariat and all the exploited and oppressed of the world celebrate the 200th anniversary of the birth of the great Karl Heinrich Marx. With overflowing jubilation, communists throughout the world celebrate the founder of our ideology. With Marx and Marxism, the great chapter in the history of humanity opens up where men, endowed with the ideology of the proletariat, can scientifically understand the laws of society and thought, thus beginning the conscious struggle to end society of classes and move towards glorious communism.

Marx and his dear comrade Friedrich Engels raised for the first time the voice of command: Proletarians of all countries, unite! Slogan under which millions of workers have been launched into the revolutionary struggle throughout the world, have managed to put the flags of communism in increasingly higher summits:From the triumph of the great October Socialist Revolution in Russia that has inaugurated a New Era for humanity, through the great Chinese Revolution in 1949 and dozens of victorious national liberation struggles of oppressed nations and peoples, to the epic of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China, up to the popular wars of the present that persist uncontained in Peru, India, the Philippines and Turkey. And with this Marxism has developed through its application and in the midst of the most bitter struggles, becoming in Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, mainly Maoism, which is the new, third and superior stage of Marxism. With outstanding and hard struggle against all odds in Peru, the flag of Maoism and Gonzalo Thought, invoked by the PCP and Chairman Gonzalo, is invincible.   

Reactionaries and revisionists insist, unable to hide their almighty and immortal doctrine, to show Marx fragmented and falsified as the "library intellectual", as the Marx "humanist", the "poisoned avenger", "the dogmatic". The revisionists, old and new, who strive to empty Marxism of its revolutionary essence, collide with its unmistakable definition of the class struggle and the dictatorship of the proletariat: " as far as I am concerned, I do not hold the title of discoverer of the existence of classes in modern society, and not even of the struggle between them. Long before me, bourgeois historians had described the historical development of this class struggle. What I did again was to demonstrate: 1) That the existence of classes is linked only to particular, historical phases of the development of production; 2) that the class struggle necessarily leads to the dictatorship of the proletariat; 3) that this same dictatorship only constitutes the transition to the abolition of all classes and a society without classes . " [1]

Others try to show it as "anti-dogmatic" in its attempt to oppose it to those who label dogmatics but who have truly been its continuators, who have consistently and creatively applied Marxism to the revolutionary practice directing the proletariat to conquer power and build socialism: Lenin and President Mao.

But there is only one Marx: the founding genius of the ideology of the proletariat, the great leader of the proletariat who laid the theoretical, ideological and political foundations of the class struggle, and guided it in its first battles against the European bourgeoisie and reaction, the vindicator of the need for revolutionary violence and the dictatorship of the proletariat, the fierce combatant against the false theories that deviate from the proletariat,   the fervent revolutionary who devoted his whole life to the cause of the proletariat and who had no other aspiration than his emancipation. It is up to the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist parties and organizations to clean up the mud that the revisionists have cast on the figure of the great Marx and to return to the proletarian masses the true image of the firstgreat jfe of the class.

Some revisionists draw a Marx imprisoned in the London library. They try to hide - after the enormous scientific work done by Marx - their own betrayal of the proletariat and justify its capitulation and ineptitude to lead the proletariat and the masses towards the seizure of power. Avakian, desktop revisionist, delirious when comparing his work of shoe with the years that Marx spent in London dedicated to the scientific work to write Capital , work in which strips the root of capitalist profit, surplus value, essence of the economy contemporary capitalist, and scientifically demonstrates the inevitability that the proletariat bar the outdated capitalist production relations. As Marx himself put it "My main mission today is to leave the working class with a sufficiently firm and broad theoretical base to serve as a point of support in its future organization and arsenal from which it will draw the necessary weapons to fight with the bourgeoisie" [2] . "To ensure the success of the revolution, the unity of thought and action is necessary. The members of the International try to create this unity through propaganda, discussion and organization ... " [3] .  Marx devoted himself to scientific work not by erudition or fame, but on the contrary - under the most bitter attacks of his opponents and enduring huge sacrifices in poverty and disease - he did it with the sole purpose of laying the theoretical foundations of the ideology of the proletariat, a question that he understood to be of vital necessity for the workers cause because it laid the ideological foundations for his political struggle and organization.

Nothing more alien to reality and Marxism, to think that Marx spent his life away from the masses and revolutionary struggles. Marx was always a determined revolutionary: in his militancy in the newspaper of the left Hegelians, in the leadership of the League of the Communists, in their participation in the revolution of 1848 in Germany, in the meticulous correspondence that throughout their lives maintained with the most varied leaders of the proletariat, in the constant publication of articles and sometimes the direction of magazines for the agitation, and finally , in the great leadership that it had of the International Workers Association, the First International, which laid the ideological bases of the proletariat on which the first communist parties would be built in several countries. Before the tomb of Marx, Engels said:"Marx was, first and foremost, a revolutionary. The true mission of his life was to cooperate in one way or another to the overthrow of capitalist society and the institutions of the state created by it, to cooperate for the emancipation of the modern proletariat, to whom he for the first time instilled the consciousness of his own situation and their needs, the awareness of the conditions that informed their release ". [4]

Others try to deceive the masses with a humanist and even pacifist Marx. The founder of the ideology of the proletariat argued that "the antagonism between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie is a struggle from class to class, a struggle that, taken to its highest expression, is a total revolution. Moreover, should we be surprised that a society founded on the opposition of the classes is resolved in the brutal contradiction, in a clash of bodies as a final outcome? " [5] . After the experience of the proletariat in the revolutions of Germany in 1848 and especially with the glorious Comuna of Paris in 1871, Marx would raise his understanding and synthesize even more the need to destroy the old machinery of the bourgeois state by means of revolutionary violence and to establish the dictatorship of the proletariat.

" Marx in his Critique of the Gotha Program on the problem of the correlation between the State and [socialist] society , which Marx calls the" first "phase, or lower phase of communist society,left forever established: '... Between capitalist society and communist society-Marx continues-mediates the period of revolutionary transformation from the first to the second. To this period  also corresponds   a political   period of transition, whose State can not be other than the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat ...      '" [6]

Today they dare to raise Marx against the universal validity of the people's war. They argue that in some countries there are no conditions to start the people's war - or revise the concept of people's war to leave it as a mass political strike or insurrection - and that preparing the beginning would be willful, adventurous or isolated from the mass movement. Marx harshly criticized those desperate revolutionaries who were fighting without the masses believing that "the engine of the revolution is not reality, but the will" [7] . But precisely reality is not static. Historical and political development has led to a revolutionary situation in unequal development and to the strategic offensive of the world proletarian revolution, a situation that demandsreconstitution / constitution of militarized communist parties to start popular wars as soon as possible . Those who preach today the mass political strike and the insurrection as a strategy of the revolution - some call it the strategy of the people's war for the imperialist countries - are those who deny reality's demands and defend the usual opportunist path of accumulation peaceful of forces, prelude to parliamentary cretinism.

It was precisely Marx who rescued the energetic principle of human activity, the "active side" of idealism and led it to materialism, refuting all contemplative materialists and urging an active revolutionary practice to transform reality, something that today only materializes arming the masses part by part, incorporating them in the middle of the people's war for the seizure of power. Marx also stated: "Where we say to the working class: you have to go through fifteen, twenty, fifty years of civil wars and people's struggles, not only to change reality, but to change yourselves, empowering them for Power , you say to them: Or we immediately go to Power or we go to sleep " [8].Volunteer and far from the masses are those who initiate or develop armed struggle without a militarized communist party, firmly guided by Marxism-Leninism-Maoism applied to the country itself. In this way they arrive sooner or later to the preaching of "going to sleep," to agreements of "peace" and capitulation to reaction, thus denying the general crisis of imperialism and the main historical and political tendency to revolution.

Marx was the leader of the proletariat who achieved the unity of the workers' movement in severalcountries during the years of the International War , a unity based on the strong defense of the principles of the proletariat and in opposition to conciliation. Accused by the authoritarian Bakuninists and by many others of splitting, Marx knew that the First International had already fulfilled its historical mission and that it was better that it ended before it was killed by unprincipled unity . Today the dispersion in the Communist International Movement can only be overcome by creating a unity on the basis of the principles of Marxism, ie on a unified understanding of Maoism, which far from leading to dogmatism provides the ideological basis for the creative application in each country, forging guiding thoughts to reconstitute / constitute communist parties that initiate and direct popular wars.

Marx always trusted unswervingly in the proletariat and never, during the failures of his early struggles, doubted his historical mission-scientifically proven-to be a gravedigger of capitalism. Far from falling into despair or dejection, he took pains to draw lessons from his temporary defeats to nourish Marxism and also laid the foundations of the struggle against revisionism."All the important sections of the annals of the revolution from 1848 to 1849 have the heading of Defeat of the Revolution! But what succumbed in these defeats was not the revolution. They were the traditional prerevolutionary appendices, the survivals resulting from social relations that had not yet become sufficiently acute to take a very precise form of class contradictions: people, illusions, ideas, projects of which the revolutionary party was not free before the February revolution and those that could not free the victory of February, if not just a series of defeats . " [9]

Applying this analysis of Marx to the whole era of world proletarian revolution, we see that we are facing a tremendously strengthened proletariat, which in the struggle between revolution and counterrevolution has emerged victorious and strengthened with Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, in hard and bloody fight against imperialism and reaction, inseparable struggle of the struggle against all opportunism and revisionism.

In 1879, the one who years later was consecrated as the first revisionist of history, E. Bernstein, tried to revive in his "Retrospective Review of the Socialist Movement" those pre-revolutionary ideas that Marx condemned and declared defeated in the revolution of 1848. Marx and Engels went into battle and broke ranks stating that: "As for us, and taking into account all our past, we have only one way left. For nearly 40 years we have been highlighting the class struggle as a directly propelling force of history, and particularly the class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat as the great lever of the modern social revolution. This is the reason why we can not march with men who want to extirpate this class struggle from the movement" [10]. Today, the pending task of the balance of the last decades of the International Communist Movement, can only be carried out clearly delimiting the fields, repudiating the new revisionism that has been defeated, and uniting us around a higher understanding of Maoism.

The call of the Manifesto of the Communist Party and of the manifesto of the First International for the proletariat was clear: to seize power and subordinate to this objective the immediate interests of the proletariat, and according to the moment, without losing the final objective, to draw the appropriate tactics. For this reason Marx always oriented with great skill the tactics of the proletariat for each moment and the relation that it should have with the other classes of the society: in times of prosperity of the capitalism (that not yet had become monopolist, parasitic and agonizing) it drew the workers wage struggle as real civil wars to prepare the class for the " future battle" and for the "ultimate goal". He defended the use of legality in the periods of "political stalemate and domination of bourgeois legality " [11] but severely condemned the German Social Democratic Party for not having passed into illegality firmly after the law of exception was enacted against the Socialists in Germany. As for the relationship of the proletariat with the bourgeoisie and the peasantry where the democratic revolution had not yet been consummated, Marx set up invaluable analyzes that served as a guide for what Lenin and President Mao Tsetung would develop; the bourgeoisie " without faith in itself and without faith in the people; growling against those above and trembling before those below"[12] . And in front of the peasantry, Lenin would gather "while in Germany the (bourgeois) democratic revolution was not completed, Marx concentrated all his attention, as regards the tactics of the socialist proletariat, in promoting the democratic energy of the peasants " [13] , putting on the surface what was said for him and what the revisionists of that time would take care to bury: "The whole problem, in Germany, will depend on the possibility of supporting the proletarian revolution with a kind of second edition of the peasant wars." [14] 

This year, the 170th anniversary of the publication of The Manifesto of the Communist Party , a program of the proletariat drawn up by Marx and Engels, whose principles today are valid and valid and corresponds to apply them. We emphasize once more the call of the Manifesto: "Communists consider it unworthy to hide their ideas and purposes. They openly proclaim that their objectives can only be achieved by overthrowing the entire existing social order by violence. Let the ruling classes tremble before a Communist Revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose in it other than their chains. They have, however, a world to win."

We then celebrated with joy the birth of the giant of the proletariat, who drank from the highest of humanity, from the classic German philosophical faith , from English political economy and from French socialism, and in struggle with them, synthesizing and elevating them masterfully, giving to light the integral scientific ideology of the proletariat, which in more than a century and a half of hard class struggles and struggles of two lines has become Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and the contributions of universal validity of Gonzalo Thought.

It is up to the communists to raise, defend and apply, mainly to apply Maoism to carry out revolutions of new democracy and without interruption to move to the socialist in the countries dominated by imperialism - the vast majority of countries and where the vast majority of the masses - socialist revolution in the developed capitalist countries and successive cultural revolutions to prevent the restoration, develop socialism and secure the passage to communism . And this can only be done by fighting against imperialism and the relentless and unbreakable reaction of the struggle against old and new revisionism, and its new expression that was systematized and structured in the right opportunist lines. In Peru, today with its own revisionist party organization, which intends to usurp the name of the PCP and with its front-facing electoral bodies such as Movadef and Fentep, as well as fighting its other expressions, such as those of Avakian and Prachanda, etc. 

Let us celebrate the bicentenary of the birth of our founder, the great Karl Marx and the   170th Anniversary of the Manifesto of the Communist Party, going more and better to impose Maoism as the command and guide of the new great wave of the world proletarian revolution, the necessary basis for the proletariat can reconstitute the Communist International that will shape with popular wars the epic begun by Karl Marx towards our final goal the forever golden Communism:

Proletarians of all countries, unite!
Long live the 200 years of the birth of the great Karl Marx, first great Head of the proletariat!
Long live your brilliant and unfading work!

Long live the 170 years of the Communist Party Manifesto!
Defend and apply proletarian internationalism!
Defend the life and health of Chairman Gonzalo with people's war!
Down with the Imperialist War! Long live the People's War!
People's War has communism!

Communist Party of Brazil (Red Fraction)
Movimiento Popular Peru (Reorganization Committee)
Communist Party of Ecuador - Red Sun
Fraction of the Communist Party of Chile
Maoist Organization for the Reconstitution of the Communist Party of Colombia
Revolutionary Nucleus for the Reconstitution of the Communist Party of Mexico
Red Flag Committee - Germany

February 2018

[1]             Letter from Marx to Weydmeyer. March 5, 1852
[2]             Quoted by José Mesa in the prologue to the translation ofMiseria de la Filosofía. 1981.
[3]             Quoted inOn the construction of the Party. Chairman Gonzalo. 1976
[4]             F. Engels. Speech before the tomb of Marx.1883
[5] K. Marx. Misery of philosophy. 1847             
[6] Quoted by Lenin inThe State and the Revolution             
[7]             Intervention of K. Marx in section of the Central Committee of the League of Communists 1850, cited by Franz Mehring inKarl Marx, the founder of scientific socialism
[8] Ibid.            
[9]             Karl Marx. The class struggles in France from 1848 to 1850. 1850
[10]           K. Marx and F. Engels. From the circular letter A. Bebel, W. Liebknecht, W. Bracke and others. 1879
[11]           Quoted by Lenin inKarl Marx. 1914
[12] Ibid.          
[13] Ibid.          
[14]           Letter from K. Marx to F. Engels. April 16, 1856

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