“Building on the new, unique and unprecedented achievements of the last decade, Indian revolution will certainly overcome the difficult situation to win newer, larger and more glorious victories”
From Red Sun Magazine:
Maoist Information Bulletin (MIB) Interviews CPI(Maoist) General Secretary Comrade Ganapathy on the Occasion of the Tenth Anniversary Celebrations of the Formation of the United Party MIB:
Revolutionary greetings to you and all our comrades from all of us at MIB on the occasion of the Party’s Tenth Anniversary.
Ganapathy (GP): Thank you. Revolutionary greetings to all our comrades at MIB on behalf of our Central Committee.
MIB: What do you think are the party’s significant achievements in the past ten years?
GP: Since the formation of the Communist Party of India in 1925, the history of the revolutionary movement in our country has witnessed some momentous periods. Of all these, the period covering the past decade is not only unique and marked by some of the most significant developments in our Protracted People’s War (PPW) waged for the victory of New Democratic Revolution (NDR) since Naxalbari, but is also witness to something new and unprecedented in the entire history of class struggle in our country. The significance of this decade lies in – Ushering in a single guiding centre for the NDR of India; The Party, Army and United Front (UF), i.e., the three magic weapons of the revolution becoming stronger than before; Enrichment of the political line, military line, UF policy and several policies in the form of united party documents - Unity Congress documents, policy papers, important resolutions, summing-ups, articles, etc.; Further development of the military line and significant advances in waging guerilla warfare, the participation of the vast masses, as never before, in the PPW giving it a true mass nature and rich and new experiences in defeating some of the most brutal counter-revolutionary suppression campaigns of the enemy; Rich and new experiences in building mass movements against imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism by mobilising broad masses of the people, particularly the peasantry, around issues of Jal, Jungle, Zameen, Izzat and Adhikar; Rich and new experiences in building strategic UF in the form of Revolutionary People’s Committees (RPCs) at a primary level and better and new experiences in tactical 2 UFs, recognition of RPCs as an alternative model of development that could be applied successfully in contrast to the anti-people, country-selling development model of the ruling classes; In spite of being in a very difficult situation at present, Indian Revolution withstanding a brutal unprecedented countrywide repression campaign waged by the fascist Indian regime with the support of the imperialists, particularly US imperialists, keeping alive the hope for revolution among the people of India and the world; Considerable support for the fighting revolutionary masses from the most diverse sections of the Indian society, both against OGH and in support of the People’s War (PW); The merger into one party of CPI(Maoist) and CPI(M-L)NAXALBARI as another turning point in the effort to achieve unity of genuine revolutionaries in our country; PW in India serving as one of the important focal points around which international unity of Maoist forces and an international solidarity and support movement could be built. These new and significant developments of the past decade were achieved on the basis of the new ideology, new politics, new line, new party, new army and new people’s front ushered in by the glorious Naxalbari armed peasant rebellion and formulated under the leadership of the great founding leaders of our party comrades Charu Mazumdar and Kanhai Chatterji. All the developments of the past decade were achieved amidst and by fighting back relentless brutal enemy suppression campaigns on the one hand, and through bitter inner party struggles against right and ‘left’ opportunism that raised their head inside the party at various crucial junctures of the movement, on the other. One of the most significant features of the Indian revolutionary movement is the glorious sacrifices made both by the communists and the masses for the liberation of our country, without which none of the above significant and new successes of the past decade could have been achieved. Through these sacrifices, the party has put forward an alternative mode of thinking and culture representing the highest human values as opposed to the rotten, decadent and self-centered mode of thinking and culture instilled by the ruling classes among the masses. In this way, these sacrifices have inspired the oppressed classes and sections of the society to fight for revolutionary change.
MIB: What are the main challenges faced by the party now? What opportunities do you see to overcome them?
GP: The following are the main challenges our movement is facing at present. First, preserving our subjective forces, particularly the strategic leadership of the party. Since the formation of the new party, we have lost a considerable number of party leaders at all levels starting from the central committee to the village level party committees. Therefore, we have identified the preservation of existing subjective forces from enemy attacks as one of the foremost tasks before the party. Understanding the importance of preserving the subjective forces and protecting them, we must adopt secret and appropriate methods of functioning, rectify our mistakes in it and firmly implement the lessons learnt from our practice, prepare new leadership and raise the consciousness of 3 the entire party about the need of a strong party with continuation of leadership as a condition for the success of the revolution. Second, the revolutionary movement has weakened in the rural plains and urban areas. This is one of the factors leading to the difficult situation the party is facing today. It is a challenge before us to revive and expand the movement in areas where our party have been present for long but weakened over time. Similarly, we also need to expand the movement to newer areas and open new battlefronts in order to broaden the arena of the people’s war. In light of the rich experience of our movement, we should utilise the conditions that are becoming increasingly favourable for advancing the revolution without repeating the past errors. In this way, we can definitely overcome the difficult situation and take the movement forward. Third, some people are trying to spread confusion in the revolutionary camp by claiming that changes in socio-economic conditions have transformed
India into a capitalist country.
They also put forward the incorrect view that the line of PPW has become
irrelevant. But the path of PPW have been proven in practice to be the only
correct revolutionary path for the success of the NDR in a semi-colonial
semi-feudal country like India.
Therefore, we must guard against such erroneous views and expose them. At the
same time, we must deeply study the economic, political, social and cultural
changes and bring appropriate changes to our tactics. Fourth, the Brahmanical
Hindu fascist forces have come to power at the centre, which reflects a further
consolidation of the ideology, politics and culture of the feudal and
reactionary forces. International finance and the comprador bureaucratic
bourgeoisie backed Modi-led BJP in its ascendance to power, which was
complimented by communal polarisation in some places engineered by the Sangh
Parivar. After coming to power, BJP is implementing pro-imperialist, country-selling
policies at a breakneck pace catering to the needs of foreign and Indian big
capitalists and big landlords, while at the same time advancing the
Hindu-fascist agenda in various forms. This will provide new avenues for
uniting all the democratic, progressive, secular and patriotic forces in
struggle. Newer and more numerous classes, social sections, forces and people
of the society would be brought into the arena of struggle, and new
opportunities for advancing the PPW will open up. Fifth, the objective world
situation is becoming increasingly more favourable for revolution. The
imperialist world economy is still reeling under a serious crisis and all the
fundamental contradictions in the world are sharpening. Consequently, the
revolutionary, democratic and national liberation forces all over the world are
gaining strength against imperialism and its domestic props. Maoist forces too
are consolidating. But at the same time, socialist bases no longer exist and
the subjective forces in the international communist movement (ICM) too are
weak at present. This too presents a considerable challenge before us. MIB:
After the merger of the party and the PLGA, we have seen that a qualitative
change has occurred in the development of the PLGA and intensification and
expansion of the guerilla warfare.
But now there seems to be deceleration in this. How does the party plan to accelerate it again and advance?
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