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Sunday, February 12, 2017

Communiqué of the PCI (M): homage to comrades Kuppu Devaraj and Ajitha

I have never met Comrade Ajitha, but I have read a lot of his works. I have always considered him a good writer and important thinker for the revolution in India. His criticism of Bob Avakian were key to some articles I wrote several years ago. So I'm saddened at the fact that he is now dead. I will never be able to know him now. That is misfortune. However, there is still a chance that the Communist Party of India (Maoist) and win and as long as there is that chance, I will be supporting their efforts. This article was translated by Google. I'm proud to post it here. -សតិវ​អតុ

The Communist Blog Network continues its task of giving a voice in Spanish to the Communist Party of India (M), translating its communiqués. On this occasion, the appeal is made on 1 January for the murder of two party militants, the comrade of the Central Committee Kuppu Devaraj and the militant Ajitha. His life will revolutionize, no doubt, will serve for the new generations to continue their fight to victory.

"As harsh as repression and loss are, the movement will advance to the end of the exploiting dominant classes, to implant the popular state power and to establish the State of New Democracy that advances towards Socialism and, later, towards Communism."

From Communist Party of India (Maoist):


The Communist Party of India (Maoist) pays a respectful tribute to its Central Committee member, Comrade Kuppu Devaraj (Ramesh / Yogesh / Rayanna), and a veteran activist, Comrade Ajitha.Comrade Devaraj served the revolutionary movement for almost forty years and died in a false confrontation with another veteran militant, Comrade Ajitha, on December 24, 2016. We send our deepest sympathy to the families of our dear comrades Devaraj and Ajitha. Comrade Devaraj was 62 years old and Comrade Ajitha 52. We call on the masses, democrats, patriots and citizens of the whole country to condemn the brutal murder and oppose such atrocities. The responsibility for this false confrontation rests on the current brahmanic-Hindu-fascist government of Modi and the social-fascist government of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) of Kerala.

This is the revolutionary trajectory of our dear comrade Devaraj. Under the influence of the peasant armed struggle of Naxalbari in the 1960s, the peasantry and intellectuals of the Karnataka state began to work with the masses. One such person was Koganuru Gonappa from the village of Sirahatti, who, with the political example of the Naxalbari struggle, began to raise the awareness of the poor peasants. The mercenaries of the landowners murdered him.

There was later a vacuum of several years, followed by the formation of the PCI (ML) [Popular War]. Revolutionary militants and sympathizers across the country began to unite. Among them was Comrade Devaraj, who came into contact with the party in 1980. The result was the appearance of part-time militants in Karnataka, who were consolidated into party cells. Yogesh was an active militant of one of these cells. Together with others, he began to develop political and organizational work among workers, students and youth. In fact, even before the party came into contact with him, he already carried out revolutionary activities with other militants within the working class.

Comrade Devaraj was a factory worker. It belonged to the poor urban class and the oppressed Dalits. Their ancestors had emigrated from Tamil Nadu to Bangalore. He had a family with a wife, children, brothers and sisters. After becoming a militant, his house became a center of party activities.

Between 1980 and 1985, the party cells were activated. Soon Devaraj became a professional revolutionary ["PR" in the original] under the direction of Cherukuri Rajkumar (Azad). The party sent Comrade Azad to organize their structures in the state of Karnataka. By the year 85, there were already eight professional revolutionary militants led by Devaraj. The professional revolutionaries worked in the cities of Bangalore, Kolar and Mysore with the workers, the students and the youth.They also organized and supported student, worker, and youth struggles. They also formed a cultural front.

The cultural front, the party and the militants of the mass organizations spread the Prolonged People's War and extended the movement to Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and other areas. They carried out numerous tasks of political propaganda. In that process, before 85, a leading group, formed by ideological and political coherence, was formed, headed by Azad. Devaraj was the key person in this group.

In 1985, during the crisis of the Central Committee, this ruling group in Karnataka played an active role in confronting the opportunist and liquidationist clique within it. Under Comrade Azad's leadership, comrades Devaraj and Saketh Rajan played a crucial role in this internal struggle.Although the comrades did not have much experience in the class struggle, they studied the theory of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the basic documents of the Party, as well as the revolutionary history of our country and the world, which allowed them to acquire ideological and political solidity . They fully assumed the party line of the Prolonged People's War and contributed to the party's adherence to the policy of armed struggle. The study and the theoretical struggle that they undertook against the opportunist and liquidationist clique allowed to lay the theoretical bases for the future organization of the party in the state. All this contributed also to that the group later became State Committee. The group also helped the Andhra Pradesh committee during the repression. Thanks to this assistance, the Andhra Pradesh committee was able to successfully carry out important tasks, which helped to develop good relations and cooperation between the two movements.

In 1987, at the First State Conference, Comrade Azad was elected Secretary of the State Committee, of which Saketh Rajan and Kuppu Devaraj were also members. In this conference a program for the peasant revolution was adopted. Taking into account the situation of social, economic and political inequality in the state, the decision was made to undertake the movement in the northern plains of Karnataka flanking Andhra Pradesh. Devaraj, who was entrusted with the responsibility of leading the rural movement as a member of the State Committee, understood that he would only advance with a steely direction. In this area a landowner was executed and his lands confiscated. The struggle lasted for about two years and the students also participated actively.

They worked with peasants in the districts of Bidar and Raichur. They mobilized the peasantry, set up peasant organization, and engaged in anti-feudal and anti-state struggles. It was then that the fight against the nuclear power plant of Kaiga arose. They broadened their scope of action to the student body and created student organizations in the districts of Bidar, Raichur, Chitradurga, Shimoga and Dharwad. The fight in Kaiga and work with the students made the party known throughout the state.

Due to the crisis in the Central Committee between 1985-1987, there was a break in activities for some time. There was no focal point and direction of the different movements in the states. In that period, Azad and Comrade Yogesh worked shoulder to shoulder to keep the frame structure intact.In that task, Comrade Devaraj also played a very important role in Tamil Nadu.

In 1990 the party held the Second State Conference. In this Conference the various struggles were analyzed in depth. The conference considered that there had been some deficiencies in the anti-feudal struggle, especially in relation to militancy. They drew the appropriate lessons from this experience and decided to consolidate the party and strengthen its leadership to push the movement forward. The party also held a State Plenary in 1993 to rectify heterogeneous class trends. In that plenary, the party assumed the task of developing itself to advance the movement and thus better face the problems of the people.

The national question was also raised in Karnataka. The party realized the need to address the problem of the kannadigas and created an organization to deal with it.

There was a second crisis in the party at the national level in 1991. In that crisis, the Karnataka State Committee produced a document outlining the erroneous tendencies of the minority group.They appealed to all party cadres to fight the opportunist clique in 1992. The aim of the appeal was that all cadres could understand the approaches of the liquidationist clique and combat it ideologically.

Before the Special National Conference of 1995, a state conference took place in which Devaraj assumed the position of Secretary of the State Committee. At the Conference he became an alternate member of the Central Committee and, as of 1997, a full-time member. From that moment, the internal struggle in the party in Karnataka slowed the advance of the movement.

In 2001, the former Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) [People's War] held its Ninth Congress and Comrade Devaraj was once again elected to the Central Committee. The Central Committee also created the Southwest Regional Office (SWRB), of which it was also a member. At that time, the State Committee proposed to the Central Committee to modify the areas of action in the short term. The Central Committee approved the proposal and developed a comprehensive plan.The Committee studied socio-economic and political conditions in these areas. Together with Comrade Saketh Rajan, Comrade Kuppu Devaraj played a key role in launching the movement in those areas in the early 21st century.

Once the work began in the zones of action, the opportunists began to sabotage it under the pretext that it would not work. They also opposed the merger of the two parties and the creation of the Maoist Party. In that context Comrade Saketh Rajan heroically martyred in combat with the enemy.After his death Comrade Devaraj continued the struggle against the right-wing opportunist clique with the help of the South West Regional Office. Most of the comrades remained true to the Party line. Finally the crisis was solved in the State Conference of 2006, in which the Party left the opportunist clique.

A document was published in which opponents were rebutted under the title "Opportunists never understand the revolutionary dialectic." Yogesh was the soul of that document. Meanwhile, armed guerrilla fighters had been raised in Madurai and some neighboring districts of Tamil Nadu. Yogesh was the one who assumed the main responsibility for the planning and preparation of cadres for armed struggle.

In 2004 the Maoist Party was formed. Yogesh, as a member of the Central Committee, helped to create the new party. He subsequently became a member of the Southwest Regional Office. He participated in the Unity Congress, to which he contributed ideologically and politically.

In 2007 the Party held the Congress of Unity-Ninth Congress. Congress elected Comrade Devaraj to the Central Committee and reconfirmed him as a member of the Southwest Regional Office. By the end of that year and the following year, other comrades of the Regional Office had either been martyred or detained. Comrade Devaraj took over the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.In this difficult situation, he remained firm and contributed to the cadres to consolidate the revolutionary movement.

In 2011, the Southwest Party decided to concentrate most of our subjective forces in the wooded area bordering the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.Comrade Devaraj always wanted to open a war front in this part of the country. He constantly studied the conditions of the different parts of these three states, which allowed him to play a crucial role in the beginning of the movement in that area and in the direction and implantation of the pictures in it. In a short time, the Party gained the appreciation of the traditional tribal populations of the region and directed to the Guerilla Army of Popular Liberation in the successful development of its politico-military campaign. The masses began to integrate widely into the guerrilla squads. All this put on alert the governments of the three states. The current movement in that area is a major blow to revisionism, especially in Kerala. The Party showed the masses the right course, to which Devaraj contributed actively.

When the Southwest Regional Office launched the Command Training Program [LTP], Comrade Devaraj assumed responsibility and ran the training camps. In the program participated state and superior cadres who received a complete education that allowed them to equip themselves with a clear vision on the diverse questions of the revolutionary movement. Devaraj thus contributed to forming political party cadres.

Comrade Devaraj also had an active role in the processes of unity with other revolutionary communists. It was he who led on behalf of the Central Committee the negotiations with the Naxalbari group that later led to the merger of that formation. Previously, Devaraj had initiated conversations with the group Janasakthi, managing to attract some comrades to the correct way.Comrade Devaraj was keenly interested in the Party press and mass organizations. He also paid great attention to the information of all the news and events that the corresponding committees might need in their tasks.

There is another important thing about Devaraj: he played a prominent role in supplying weapons and ammunition for the ongoing popular war, as well as in the manufacture of grenades.

The Western Ghats could become a new bastion of the revolutionary movement in the country, so the central and state governments plotted the kidnapping of Devaraj and another veteran Party militant, Comrade Ajitha, and assassinated them in an alleged confrontation.

Comrade Devaraj's loss is a blow to the Party, which had begun to consolidate among the masses in the Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu border areas. The people of Kerala will never forget [Arikkad] Verghese, who reached martyrdom almost fifty years ago, as well as his sacrifice for the people. The people want to promote the movement according to the ideals of Verghese, so, as soon as the Party approached them, they became actively involved. Now they will never forget Devaraj.

Comrade Devaraj belonged to an oppressed class, the Dalit community. He spoke fluently English, Malayali, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu and the local language adivasi. The Indian Revolution has lost a great leader, tempered in the hard internal struggle on ideological and theoretical level. He led the movement with few subjective forces and relatively less experience, and this with great courage and iron will. He talked to everyone and was able to create a democratic atmosphere between the cadres and the masses, gaining their trust. Thus it will always remain in its memory.

He was a disinterested personality. He would undertake any task entrusted to him by the Committee. Devaraj will be remembered in the Indian Revolution, mainly in the Western Ghats, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Dandakaranya. Their ideals will live forever. Their commitment, their seriousness in the work and their sacrifice will undoubtedly advance the Party. Comrade Devaraj's unwavering commitment to the objective will help the future cadres to overcome the current losses. One must learn from Devaraj how to swim against the current. Comrade Devaraj's style of work, will, dedication and courage are an example for all Party cadres. The Central Committee urges the cadres of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu to imbue themselves with the ideals of the martyr. The Committee also urges the cadres of these three states to undertake their work and continue to work with their own energy. Following his example, he can become a good communist worker. This will be the true tribute to the great martyr. Once again we express our regret and our condolences to his paintings and his family.

With the help of other comrades, he hoisted the red flag in the Western Ghats. No matter how harsh repression and losses may be, the movement will advance to the point of eliminating the exploiting dominant classes, implanting popular state power, and establishing the New Democracy State to advance towards Socialism and, later, toward Communism.

Spokesperson,  Central Committee
PCI (Maoist)
January 1, 2017

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